Executive summary

Release content:

For all 98 tiles completed (i.e. the final observations were obtained) between 1 October 2012 and 1 October 2013 the following data products:

  • Coadds: photometrically and astrometrically calibrated, stacked images (1 per filter per tile)
  • Weights: weight frames (1 for each Coadd)
  • Flag images: FITS images with pixel flags in areas affected by bright stars, saturated pixels, reflections, and other artefacts (1 for each Coadd)
  • Source lists: lists of sources detected in single Coadds

For all 148 tiles released in KiDS-ESO-DR1 and KiDS-ESO-DR2:

  • a multi-band, aperture-matched source catalog

Data quality:

PSF size and ellipticity distributions and achieved limiting magnitudes can be summarized as follows:

Limiting mag
(2'' 5σ AB)

Photometric calibration:

The photometric calibration is in AB magnitudes in the instrumental photometric calibration. Tiles are photometrically homogenized by tying stellar photometry between the dithers and overlapping CCDs together; the resulting photometry is flat to typically within 2% over the full square degree FOV. Absolute photometry is done per tile and based on nightly zeropoints based on SA field observations.

Astrometric calibration:

Global solutions are calculated for each tile, spanning all dithers and CCDs, with 2MASS used as reference catalog. The 2-dimensional RMS of source positions between the dithers is typically 0.03 arcseconds.

Bright star and defects masking:

Flag images are provided with pixel flags indicating regions affected by saturated pixels, diffraction spikes, reflection halos, and other (manually masked) defects.

Source lists:

Single-band source lists are extracted from the Coadds. The source lists provide for each detected source several magnitude measurements, a large number of aperture fluxes, star/galaxy classification, and masking flags.
The typical 98% completeness magnitudes for the 4 filters are 22.8 in u, 24.0 in g, 23.9 in r, and 22.5 in i.

Multi-band catalog

The multi-band catalog is based on source detection in the r-band. For all sources a number of aperture fluxes, S/G separation, and masking flags are provided. Furthermore, Gaussian Aperture Photometry and aperture-corrected fluxes are provided to account for seeing differences between filters. The typical 98% completeness measured in the r-band is 23.9 mag.

Data access:

Data products can be accessed via:

Relevant links: